SPINMS.CA | EDSS
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EDSS

EDSS

Your healthcare professional can monitor and evaluate your degree of physical ability and function
using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS).

The EDSS score ranges from 0 to 10 and is based on your neurologist’s assessment of your ability and function. You are given a score when the initial diagnosis of MS is made, which is used as a reference for future evaluations.

 

Results may vary and are dependent on test conditions:
1-Day to day testing variability
2-Morning vs. afternoon testing
3-Doctor performing the test
4-Individual’s ability to walk on their own
5-The specific test performed in the doctor’s office (walking on heels, squeezing doctor’s hands, touching your nose while touching doctor’s finger, reflexes with hammer, etc.)

 

The EDSS score may also be used for medical insurance purposes to determine coverage for MS medications.

 

The course of MS is different for everyone; therefore, not everyone spends the same amount of time at each stage of the EDSS. As well, many people will remain at a certain level of ability without necessarily progressing to the next level.

No Disability /Minimal Signs

EDSS-01

Minimal Disability in One Function

EDSS-02

Moderate disabillity in one function or minimal disability in two functions (eg.,weakness in one leg)

EDSS-03

Fully active most of the day without aid, able to walk 500 metres without rest(walking is limited, legs fatigue with effort)

EDSS-04

Disability interferes with full daily activities

EDSS-05

Assistance needed to walk

EDSS-06

Wheelchair needed

EDSS-07

Full-time bed or chair

EDSS-08

Full-time in bed

EDSS-09