Symptoms of MS are unpredictable and vary greatly from person to person and from time to time in the same person. Even relapse symptoms and severity can be different with each relapse. MS symptoms may include:
To determine whether your symptoms are related to MS, your neurologist will perform the following assessments:
your neurologist will ask about current and previous symptoms, previous illnesses, medication use, and family history of neurological diseases.
your neurologist will assess your eye movements, vision, facial movements, coordination, strength, balance, sensation, speech and reflexes.
Diagnosing MS doesn’t happen right away—disease activity must be measured over a course of time. Assessments your neurologist may use to confirm MS include:
the most common assessment involves medical imaging of the brain to observe areas of damage, called lesions. If the contrast agent gadolinium is used, the MRI can reveal active inflammation.
an assessment that measures the speed of nerve impulses in the CNS. It can be visual, auditory or sensory.
an assessment in which a small needle is inserted at the base of the spine to collect fluid and measure CNS inflammation.
Canada has one of the highest rates of MS in the world. People who live far away from the equator are at higher risk for developing MS.